Macular Conditions & Degeneration

As you age, you may start to worry about your eye health. If you’re concerned about macular degeneration contact the Eye Specialists Center. We’ll keep you up to date on various macular conditions and provide treatment as necessary.

Interested in learning more? Here’s a quick rundown of age-related macular degeneration, or AMD, as well similar conditions, such as macular pucker and macular hole.

What Is Macular Degeneration?

The macular is the area of the eye that enables you to see minute details, which is especially important for driving and reading. When the macular breaks down or becomes damaged, it’s called AMD. This condition does not typically affect peripheral or side vision.

AMD typically falls under two categories:

“Dry”: This type involves the degeneration of vital pigment cells beneath the macular. When these cells die, the retina stops working, resulting in blind spots.

In some cases, drusen, or tiny yellow or white deposits, buildup under the macular. This causes blind spots and distortion.

“Wet”: This type involves abnormal blood vessel growth beneath the macular. The growth creates swelling and bleeding. Wet AMD causes more severe and rapid vision loss than dry macular degeneration.

  • AMD Symptoms
  • Empty or dark area in the center of vision
  • Straight lines seem distorted
  • Words appear blurred
  • AMD Testing
  • Acuity test analyzes your central vision accuracy at specific distances.
  • Amsler Grid test identifies loss of sight, blind spots, and distortion.
  • Color Testing discovers the health of your cone cells, which are in the macular.
  • Fluorescein Angiogram test checks for blood vessel leakage and new blood vessel growth.
  • AMD Treatment Options
  • Anti-VEGF Injections inject small quantity of drugs into the eye. This blocks chemicals that enable abnormal blood vessels to grow. These injections treat wet macular degeneration, and they may take several months to be effective.
  • Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) treats wet macular degeneration with a low intensity laser. This stimulates a light-sensitive drug injected intravenously. The two react, shrinking abnormal blood vessels.

Macular Pucker

A macular pucker occurs when creases, wrinkles, or bulges form in the macular. These happen when the vitreous pulls away from the retina. Also, scar tissue may develop on the macular; as it warps and contracts, it causes the retina to wrinkle or bulge.

  • Macular Pucker Symptoms
  • Blurred central vision
  • Cloudy or gray area in the central vision
  • Difficulty reading
  • Trouble performing tasks that require detail vision
  • Wavy or distorted or vision
  • Macular Pucker Treatment Options
  • For mild symptoms, no treatment is needed.
  • For significant vision loss, vitrectomy surgery removes scar tissue.

Macular Hole

A macular hole happens when the vitreous gel sticks to the macular. This stretches the macular tissue. After several weeks or months of strain, the macular tears.

  • Macular Hole Symptoms
  • Blurred and distorted central vision
  • Blind spots in central vision
  • Macular Hole Treatment Options
  • Vitrectomy surgery closes the macular hole, allowing the eye to heal.

Call us at (708) 423-4070 if you have any questions about macular conditions or if you need treatment for these conditions.

Recent Articles

  • Kamran Riaz | February 2017

    Dr Kamran Riaz is a board-certified and fellowship-trained ophthalmologist with a subspecialty interest in advanced/complex…

  • Neel Lamba MD, MBA | July 2016

    Dr. Neel Lamba specializes in the treatment of ocular inflammation, glaucoma, and diseases of the…

  • 25 Million Americans Will Struggle With Vision Problems by 2050 | May 2016
  • Healthy Children | May 2016


  • "Dr.Buka, Thank you so very much, you are a great surgeon. Your staff at Chicago Ridge have also been very helpful and kind. 
    God Bless," 


  • "Dr. Ticho, Thank you so much for making sure that my surgery went smoothly and I really appreciate it. You are an amazing and outstanding doctor. 


  • "Dr. Buka did a wonderful, professional job on my wife's eyes. She has used contacts and glasses for over 15 years. My wife feels like a new person after having Lasik surgery with Dr. Buka, she couldn't be happier. Thanks again, " 


  • "I am a new patient to your company. I was prescribed Sclera contacts. It was my first time wearing this type of lenses and they worked great. However, getting them in my eyes was very tricky. June Tepavich was instrumental in training me how to insert, remove and clean these lenses. June was so professional and patient with me as I tried again and again to get them in my eyes. She has a warm and humorous personality which went a long way to lessen my frustration when I struggled to get them in. It was a pleasure working with her and I appreciate all she's done! I also have had an exceptionally wonderful experience with Dr. Birva Shah. She is simply amazing. I've had some fairly serious long term eyesight issues. Every doctor I went to could only make minor improvements. Dr. Birva Shah did an outstanding job diagnosing my issues and prescribing a solution. My vision is the best it's ever been! I want to thank Dr. Shah for her professionalism, attention to detail and cheerful disposition. She is awesome!
    Sincerely, " 

    Wesley Jason Hall

  • "To All the Staff At the Eye Specialists Center, Thank you so much for your care that made my cataract surgery a relaxing experience. Special thanks to Patty, Connie, Dr. Ticho and Dr. Shah, you made my world a beautiful place again."

    Jim Fasano

  • "I truly understand the issues with my mom's eye and who knows what can happen when a 85 year old woman goes into surgery. Sometimes bad things happen to good people. My mother Jenny H. is still upbeat, positive and very thankful for everything you have done for her. Our family has appreciated the allotment for the taxi rides. It is just enough to allow her some independence and my mother feels much better because of your gift.

    Dr. Ticho, you did not have to do this, you definitely went "above and beyond" what was expected.

    You are a mighty man."

    Billy Hois

  • "My husband and I would like to thank Dr Ticho from the bottom of our hearts for diagnosing and removing our son's tumor that was found in his eye. We could not have gone through life without our "little peanut". Words cannot say how very grateful we are."
    Always Thankful, 

    Scott, Jamie and Ryan

  • "Dr Hassan Shah provided a painless experience with my eye care. I am very content and now have a higher self-esteem after having my eye surgery done by Dr Shah. Thank you for such great patient care, concern and a great surgery."


  • "I would like to let you know that I am extremely grateful that I had the opportunity in allowing you to perform my eye surgery. I never thought that I would find a doctor to perform this special surgery. I also would like you to know that I am very happy with my results and this is a big step forward in my life. 
    Once again, thank you," 


  • "Dr. Lindberg,

    Thank you so much for filling me into your schedule. My eye looks almost normal! You and your staff are wonderful!"

    Teresa & Jack


  • aap_logo
  • aao

    We are members of the American Academy of Ophthalmology for many years now. 

  • ascrs
  • cos
  • P_Strabismus_Header1
  • rush
The Eye Specialists Center

Call Today: 708.423.4070

Copyright @ 2014. All Rights Reserved

Check out our YouTube Channel HTML tutorial